“The destruction of aquatic ecosystem health, and the increasing water scarcity, are in my opinion the most pressing environmental problems facing human- kind.”

Maude Barlow, Senior Advisor on water to the UN

Diverse Environments

Aquatic ecosystems such as marine and freshwater environments, are dynamic habitats that are host to a diverse range of organisms. These biodiversity rich environments provide habitats to characteristic and important species. Marine and freshwater environments can often be threatened, the management of the ecology of these environments is crucial alongside the biological surveying and recording of these habitats.

Freshwater Environments

The UK is home to a diverse range of freshwater habitats from the moving lotic systems of rivers and streams to the lentic static systems of ponds and lakes.
Climate change has underlined the importance of monitoring freshwater ecosystems and the large and diverse group of invertebrates that inhabit our rivers and ponds.

Marine Environments

With almost 12500 kms of coastline, the UK has some of the most diverse and iconic marine and coastal habitats.
Nearly every phylum has a representative on the rocky shore, with all organisms present within the small physical space between the tides.
With an increasing awareness of the importance of the ocean in climate cycles and in maintaining biodiversity, never has it been more importance to deepen understanding and broaden discussion on issues affecting the local marine environment and the organisms within it. 

Marine and Freshwater Habitat Courses

FSC run regular Marine and Freshwater Courses throughout the year. For details of these or to book your place on a marine and freshwater habitat course, click the button above to visit our courses.

We also have a fantastic programme of Marine Science Camps for young people 

Find out about bursaries for natural history courses including marine courses.

Marine and Freshwater Habitat Resources:

Websites and Magazines: The MCSRSPBMarine Biologist and Wildlife Trusts all have amazing regular issues that include interesting articles on wildlife. For the more formal scientific reader, the Marine Biological Association of the UK publishes interesting material.
Birds: ‘Collins Bird Guide’ by Lars Svensson, Killian Mullarney andDan Zetterstrom and RSPB Seabirds by Marianne Taylor
Marine Mammals: ‘Whales, Dolphins and Seals: A Field Guide to the Marine Mammals of the World’ by Hadoram Shirihai
On offshore surveys around the UK:
‘Britain’s Sea Mammals: Whales, Dolphins, Porpoises, and Seals and Where to Find Them’ by Hugh Harrop, Jon Dunn, and Robert Still
‘Whales and Dolphins of the European Atlantic: The Bay of Biscay, English Channel, Celtic Sea and Coastal SW Ireland’ by Dylan Walker and Graeme Cresswell
For the dedicated biologist: ‘The Encyclopaedia of Marine Mammals Biology of Marine Birds’ By Bernd Würsig, JGM Thewissen and Kit M Kovacs