Abiotic factors are the physical and chemical elements that make up a habitat. In other words, the non-biological factors that create the limiting factors for the organisms that live there.

Measuring beach gradient


Measuring angles and distances on sloping ground


Measuring soil pH, texture, moisture content and humus content
Rural fieldwork


Measuring air and soil temperature, wind speed, humidity and light intensity
Equipment for rivers fieldwork


Measuring abiotic factors in still and moving water

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People forraging in Tollymore

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Lady with laptop in mountainous area

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